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BASIC RESEARCH JOURNALS OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND REVIEW ISSN 2315-6880
 

Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review ISSN 2315-6880 Vol. 7(6), pp. 47-52 August 2019 Copyright© 2019 Basic Research Journals

International Scientific Indexing (Impact Factor (0.401))

Thompson Reuters ResearchersID A-9294-2018

 

Full Length Research Paper
 

Demonstration and participatory evaluation of Triticale (X-Triticosecale Wittmack) technologies in Diga district of East Wollega zone

 

Berhanu Soboka

 

Bako Agricultural Research Center, Department of Socio-economics, Agricultural Extension and Gender, P.O.BOX. 03.

 

Author’s email: Tel. +251911904655; Email: bfiraol8@gmail.com

 

Received 18 July, 2019; Acceptance 09 August, 2019; Published 27 August, 2019

 

Abstract

 

This activity was undertaken in Diga district of East Wollega, Oromia with the objectives of popularizing improved triticale varieties with their full package. Two kebeles were selected and three farmers per kebele were used for the activity. Two recently released triticale varieties “Moti and Abdissa” along with local check were planted on 10m*10m adjacent plots with a spacing of 20cm between rows, and 100kg DAP applied during planting. Urea was top dressed at early stage of the plant growth at the rate 50kg ha-1. The fields were managed well and periodically supervised. At maturity the experimenting farmers, neighboring farmers, Development Agents, and researchers jointly evaluated the varieties. Grain yield, seed Color, disease tolerance, tolerance of moisture stress, tillering capacity and ear/spike length were the farmers’ important criteria against which the varieties were evaluated. Based on the criteria set by the farmers, Abdissa variety was ranked first in majority of the traits considered, while Moti was ranked second. The mean grain yield performance of the varieties was 14.87qt/ha-1 and 19.39 qt/ha-1 for Moti and Abdissa varieties, respectively. The technology gap and technology index were 31.63 and 68.02 and 33.61 and 63.7 for Moti and Abdissa varieties, respectively. Though the varieties underperformed their potential due to marginality of the soil and early withdrawal of precipitation, both showed yield advantage over the local check. The yield advantage of the new varieties over the local check was 48.7% and 94% for Moti and Abdissa varieties, respectively. Based on the preference, yield advantage and being the best alternative to wheat, the two varieties were recommended for further scaling up.

 

Keywords: Demonstration, Diga, participatory evaluation, Triticale, Varieties

 

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Vol.7 No 6

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