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BASIC RESEARCH JOURNALS OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND REVIEW ISSN 2315-6880
 

Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review ISSN 2315-6880 Vol. 7(5), pp. 40-46 July 2019 Copyright© 2018 Basic Research Journals

International Scientific Indexing (Impact Factor (0.401))

Thompson Reuters ResearchersID A-9294-2018

 

Full Length Research Paper
 

Effect of Different Propagation Methods on three Lowland Bamboo Species, at Bako Agro-ecology, West Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia

 

Regassa Terefe*, Mezgebu Senbeto, Lemma Lalisa, and Dawit Samuel

 

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Oromia, Ethiopia

 

*Corresponding Author Email: regassaterefe@yahoo.com

 

Received 08 July, 2019; Acceptance 30 July, 2019; 02 August, 2019

 

Abstract

 

Bamboo is one of the most important, fast-growing and drought-resistant species. These behaviors make the species more acceptable in making a good environment in addition to soil and water conservation and rehabilitation of degraded lands. The study was conducted on the effect of different propagation techniques using three lowland bamboo species to find out the best-preformed propagation ways. The experiment was conducted in Bako Agriculture Research Center from 2015 to 2017. A factorial arrangement of randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was used. The experimental materials were; rhizome, branches, lower and middle culms cutting parts and three species (Oxythenantera abyssinica, Dendrocalamus hamlitonii, and Dendrocalamus memebranceous) was used. A total of 144 planting materials were planted in each experimental plot using four planting material. There was a significant difference between the species and propagation methods. The newly emerging shoots revealed a significant difference under Dendrocalamus hamlitonii (1.30±0.8) among other species. Under all species and treatments, Dendrocalamus hamlitonii showed a better performance than others regarding survival rate, root collar diameter, culm height, and internodes length. Besides this, a branch treatment under all species showed a poor performance. Therefore, this study confirmed that following rhizome part using lower and middle culm part recommended as a promising propagation technique for lowland bamboo species. Further investigation on the biological factors that hamper the initiations of new shoots and survival in using branch cutting methods is also recommended.

 

Keywords: bamboo; branch; culms; propagation; rhizome; shoots

 

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Vol.7 No 5

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