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Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review ISSN 2315-6880 Vol. 6(5), pp. 34-38 August 2018 Copyright© 2018 Basic Research Journals

International Scientific Indexing (Impact Factor (0.401))

Thompson Reuters ResearchersID A-9294-2018


Case study

Review on the effects of ethylene (C2H4) on quality of fresh fruit and vegetable. The case of banana and tomato


Muluneh Bekele Etana


Samara University, College of Dry-land Agriculture, Department of Horticulture P.O. Box 132, Ethiopia


Author’s email: muluneh.b2002@yahoo.com


Received 02 July, 2018; Acceptance 23 July 2018; Published 27 August, 2018




The plant hormone ethylene has become the focus of plant biology over the last 100 years. It is a gaseous plant hormone that is responsible for fruit ripening, growth inhibition, leaf abscission, aging and a wide range of other plant processes. It is color less gas that is naturally produced by plant and function as a plant growth regulator. In this way ethylene behaves in the same way as hormones in mammals. It triggers specific during plants natural growth and development such as ripening. Though this action it induces changes in certain plant organs such as Texture change, color change and tissue degradation some of this change may be desirable qualities associated with ripening; in other cases it can bring damage or premature decay. Harvesting of Fruits and Vegetables (i.e. Banana and Tomato) may be intentionally or unintentionally exposed to biological active levels of ethylene and both endogenous and exogenous source of ethylene contribute to its biological activity. Ethylene is also at the centre of postharvest technology acting as a key in the extension of shelf life and fruit quality during storage. Ethylene synthesis and sensitivity are enhanced during certain stage of plant development, as well as by a number of biotic and a biotic stresses. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to review the effects of ethylene on quality of fresh fruit and vegetable.


Keywords: Banana, Ethylene, Fruit, Quality, Tomato, Vegetable


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Basic Research Journal of Business Management and Accounts.

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Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Sciences.

Basic Research Journal of Social and Political Sciences.

J. Agric. Sci. Rev

Vol.6 No 5

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