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Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review ISSN 2315-6880 Vol. 6(3), pp. 21-26 April 2018 Copyright© 2018 Basic Research Journals

International Scientific Indexing (Impact Factor (0.401))

Thompson Reuters ResearchersID A-9294-2018



Full Length Research Paper

Seasonal variation in nutritional characteristics of forage species

in Rakh Choti Dalana in District Dera Ghazi Khan "Pakistan


Rifat Ullah khan Marwat1, *Mohammad Umar Farooq2, Imtiaz Ahmad Qamar2, Sarfraz Ahmad3, Abdul Razaq2

and Usman Ali Tiwana2


1Forest Department, Punjab

2National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad

3Pakistan Agricultural Research Council


*Corresponding author email: umarrri@hotmail.com


Received 29 March, 2018; Accepted 11 April: 2018; Published 26 April, 2018




The study was conducted in Rakh Choti Dalana (D. G. Khan) to investigate the seasonal variations of nutritional characteristics of Lasiurus sindicus (Gorkha), Eleusine flagellifera (Chimber), Cenchrus ciliaris (Dhaman), Acacia nilotica (kikar), and Zizyphus nummularia (mallah) in Rakh Choti Dalana D. G. Khan. The three seasons (spring,monsoon,winter) were evaluated for assessment of the nutritive value of major forage species, such as proteins, biomass production, fats, carbohydrates, fiber and mineral matter (%) comparisons among the grasses and the forage trees in arid area of Pakistan. The result indicated that the Lasiurus sindicus (Gorkha) gave the highest percentage of dry matter in spring seasons among the fall and monsoon seasons. In crude protein the grass Eleusine flagellifera (Chimber) indicated the highest crude protein was recorded in fall season as compared to spring and in monsoon seasons. In crude fiber the result indicated that the grass Lasiurus sindicus (Gorkha) showed the maximum crude fiber during the spring season. The ash content was recorded that the grass Eleusine flagellifera (Chimber) gave the highest ash content in spring among other grasses in three seasons. The grass Eleusine flagellifera (Chimber) gave the highest ether content in fall seasons with other three grasses. Lasiurus sindicus (Gorkha) gave the highest digestible nutrient was observed in fall season. Nitrogen free extract was also examined for the grass species in three seasons and result indicated that the grass Lasiurus sindicus (Gorkha) gave the maximum Nitrogen free extract during the summer season. Fodder trees also played a vital role to enhance nutritional value in all livestock’s in their intake. Therefore two fodder trees (Acacia nilotica (kikar) and Zizyphus nummularia (mallah) were also introduced in arid area to find out their nutritional content. The result indicated that Zizyphus nummularia dry matter was more in spring than Acacia nilotica in all seasons. Crude protein was more in Zizyphus nummularia than in Acacia nilotica in spring season. Crude fiber was recorded maximum in Zizyphus nummularia in spring season as compared to Acacia nilotica. Ash content was recorded for two trees and indicated that the Zizyphus nummularia having more ash content in fall season. Ether extract content was more in Zizyphus nummularia in spring than Acacia nilotica. Total digestible content was more recorded in Acacia nilotica in fall season as compared to Zizyphus nummularia in all seasons. Nitrogen free extract was indicated maximum in Acacia nilotica in all season than the tree species in Zizyphus nummularia.


Keywords: Nutritional value in grasses and in trees in dry areas


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J. Agric. Sci. Rev

Vol.6 No 3

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