Basic Research Journals Journals'
editors and readers have a right to expect that submitted manuscript belong
author(s) and that it has not been plagiarized (i.e. copied from other
authors without permission or proper citation) and that copyright
has not been breached (for example, if figures or tables are reproduced).
· The award of authorship should balance intellectual contributions to the conception, design, analysis and writing of the study against the collection of data and other routine work. If there is no task that can reasonably be attributed to a particular individual, then that individual should not be credited with authorship.
· Authors must declare that the work reported is their own and that they are the copyright owner (or else have obtained the copyright owner's permission).
· Authors must declare that the submitted work and its essential substance have not previously been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere. Only unpublished manuscripts are to be submitted.
· Author(s) must avoid conflict of interest over attribution of academic credit, it is helpful to decide early on in the planning of a research project who will be credited as authors, as contributors, and who will be acknowledged. For this reason, conflict of interest must be clearly stated.
· All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission should be communicated to the editor as they are discovered.
· All authors must take public responsibility for the content of their paper. The multidisciplinary nature of much research can make this difficult, but this can be resolved by the disclosure of individual contributions. Careful reading of the targeted journal, advice to authors is accepted in the light of current uncertainties.
· It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
· During submission, author(s) should state that the manuscript submitted was approved by the relevant research ethics committee or institutional review board. If human participants were involved, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and appropriate informed consent of each. If experimental animals were used, the materials and methods (experimental procedures) section must clearly indicate that appropriate measures were taken to minimize pain or discomfort, and details of animal care should be provided.
Authors should submit a short description of all contributions to their manuscript. Each author's contribution should be described in brief. Authors of research papers should state whether they had complete access to the study data that support the publication. Contributors who do not qualify as authors should also be listed and their particular contribution described. This information should appear as an acknowledgement.
· Authors should inform journals if they discover errors in published work.
Authors have a right to appeal to editorial decisions
· Editors decisions to accept or reject any manuscript for publication should be based only on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity.
· Editors must treat all submitted manuscript with utmost confidentiality.
· Editors should inform peer reviewers about any form of Misconduct.
· Editors should encourage peer reviewers to consider ethical issues raised in the research they are reviewing
· Editors should request additional information from authors if they feel it is required.
· Editors should exercise sensitivity when publishing images or objects that might have cultural significance or cause offence.
· Editors should inform readers if ethical breaches have occurred.
· Editors should encourage peer reviewers to identify if there is a conflict of interest with the material they are ask to review, and editors should ask that peer reviewers to decline invitations requesting peer review where any circumstances might prevent them from producing fair peer review.
· Editors may choose to use peer reviewers suggested by authors, but should not consider suggestions made by authors as binding.
· Editors should mediate all exchanges between authors and peer reviewers during the peer-review process (i.e. prior to publication). If agreement cannot be reached, editors should consider inviting comments from additional peer reviewer(s), if the editor feels that this would be helpful. Journals should consider stating in their guidelines that the editor's decision following such an appeal is final.
· Decisions made by editors about whether to publish individual items submitted to a journal should not be influenced by pressure from the editor's employer, the journal owner or the publisher.
· Editors should publish corrections of errors detected that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article.
· Editors should expect allegations of theft or plagiarism to be substantiated, and should treat allegations of theft or plagiarism seriously.
· Editors should protect peer reviewers from authors even if peer reviewer identities are revealed, should discourage authors from contacting peer reviewers directly, especially if misconduct is suspected.
· Editors should reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been followed. If a paper has been submitted from a country where there is no ethics committee, institutional review board, or similar review and approval, editors should use their own experience to judge whether the paper should be published. If the decision is made to publish a paper under these circumstances a short statement should be included to explain the situation.
· Editors should aim to ensure timely peer review and publication for papers they receive, especially where, to the extent that this can be predicted, findings may have important implications.
· The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal action acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement.
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